Four Stages of Research
Research basically means to carry out a study in an orderly manner and solve problems. It includes collecting and analysing data systematically. The four stages involves in performing research are as follows:
1) Problem identification: Herein, you have to decide the topic for your research which is a very cumbersome task. You can first decide your subject field and then, narrow down the topics which are running into your head through brain storming activity. If you have found out a few topics on which you want to carry out your research, you need to make sure that you have sufficient resources like context, money, time, information, etc. You also need to decide the approach in which you would solve the problem. Define research hypothesis in the primary stage which will help you decide upon the methods and methodology.
2) Data collection: Herein, you need to apply the techniques chosen by you to collect information. Secondary data can be found through various resources but primary data can only be collected by you. There are different methods to collect data, depending upon the nature of your research i.e. whether it is qualitative or quantitative. You can adopt many methods depending upon your study like observations, questionnaires, sampling, case studies, action research and many more. The goal here is to collect quality evidence that provides a rich data analysis later. Data collection involves thorough planning, patience and hard work to complete the task within the stipulated time and successfully.
3) Data analysis: After you have collected the information, you need to analyse it. Depending upon you study, it will either be qualitative or quantitative. You need to organize the abundant information which you have collected and then, also examine it to check for its accuracy. You then interpret results and draw conclusions from it. A lot of issues involved in data analysis are having proper skills to analyse data, clearly defining objectives, drawing unbiased inference, presenting data correctly, following acceptable norms and also provide an accurate analysis.
4) Action: After you are over with analysing data, you need to make use of the information and findings. You need to study them carefully. You can get them published in journal papers for your target audience to read and get knowledge.