Considerations While Choosing an Apt Survey for Your Research
While there are multiple methods to collect data for varied types of research, you make use of surveys especially when you are conducting a study in the field of social sciences. However, surveying may also involve a variety of tools to choose from. Your selection may depend on several factors. Let us look at a few major considerations while picking the right survey for your project.
While some studies are conducted over a short period of time, some others may be longitudinal studies. Thus, both types may require different kinds of surveys. For example, a cross-sectional survey may be appropriate when you collect data at once. However, it may not suit a long-term study in which multiple data capturing and comparisons are involved.
Population to be studied
There are certain population-related factors that require consideration while selecting a survey. For instance, you may utilize telephone or email surveys when your population can be enumerated. However, you may not be able to do so when you cannot pick a sample from a listed population. Similarly, you may need to use different versions of your questionnaire when you have a mixed type of population in terms of their linguistic ability. On the other hand, you cannot ask your population to fill up a questionnaire itself if it is not literate. The geographic limitations of your population may also limit your choice of a survey technique.
Your choice of a survey method may also vary according to the size of your sample. While you may conduct interviews or use personal questionnaires with a small sample, you may not be able to do it with a large one. Question type
Based on your study, the complexity and length of your questions may vary. While it is better to choose paper-pencil tools when you require capturing limited data, you may pick up audiovisual tools or conduct interviews to ask open-ended questions.