Considerations While Choosing an Apt Survey for Your Research

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While there are multiple methods to collect data for varied types of research, you make use of surveys especially when you are conducting a study in the field of social sciences. However, surveying may also involve a variety of tools to choose from. Your selection may depend on several factors. Let us look at a few major considerations while picking the right survey for your project.

Research duration

While some studies are conducted over a short period of time, some others may be longitudinal studies. Thus, both types may require different kinds of surveys. For example, a cross-sectional survey may be appropriate when you collect data at once. However, it may not suit a long-term study in which multiple data capturing and comparisons are involved.

Population to be studied

There are certain population-related factors that require consideration while selecting a survey. For instance, you may utilize telephone or email surveys when your population can be enumerated. However, you may not be able to do so when you cannot pick a sample from a listed population. Similarly, you may need to use different versions of your questionnaire when you have a mixed type of population in terms of their linguistic ability. On the other hand, you cannot ask your population to fill up a questionnaire itself if it is not literate. The geographic limitations of your population may also limit your choice of a survey technique.

Sample size

Your choice of a survey method may also vary according to the size of your sample. While you may conduct interviews or use personal questionnaires with a small sample, you may not be able to do it with a large one. Question type

Based on your study, the complexity and length of your questions may vary. While it is better to choose paper-pencil tools when you require capturing limited data, you may pick up audiovisual tools or conduct interviews to ask open-ended questions.